The stem cells used for SCT are adult stem cells found within your own body. They are usually collected (harvested) from fat cells in the back area or around the hip (iliac) bone. Stem cells collected from the hip bone are obtained from bone marrow with a thin needle. The bone marrow or fat cells are then specially prepared in a laboratory to produce a mixture with a high amount of beneficial stem cells.
It’s common for image tests to be done prior to SCT to confirm the source and nature of your injury or tissue damage. The injection site is usually numbed with a topical or local anesthetic. A special live X-ray ray (fluoroscopy) or ultrasound scan helps with needle placement. The mixture of your own stem cells is then injected into the affected area. Most patients are able to resume their normal activities shortly after treatment.
As for how many treatments you may need, a stem cell specialist in Los Angeles will make recommendations based on your response to the initial treatment. Some patients do see the desired results with one injection. However, other individuals benefit more from 2-3 treatments spaced out to allow time for the stem cells to work on tissues in the affected area. Since your own cells are used, risks associated with SCT are considered minimal.